About Me

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Fukuoka, Japan
Christian blogger, KJV Bible apologist, legal researcher, teacher, learner, family man, writer, entrepreneur, born Jamaican, son of the soil, traveler... it's complicated. "For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, [are called]: But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty; And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, [yea], and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are: That no flesh should glory in his presence." 1 Corinthians 1:25-29 (KJV)

This Blog

"I will praise thee, O LORD, with my whole heart; I will shew forth all thy marvellous works." ~ Psalm 9:1 (KJV). This blog contains and explains the truth of God's Word. The Epignosis of the Word of God is what every servant of God must teach.

Tuesday, February 14, 2012


DEAR FAMILY, FRIENDS, FELLOW-BLOGGERS, FOLLOWERS and READERS, this ministry is going through another transformation by the grace of God, which may be a reflection of my internal changes based on a deeper (growing) relationship with the Holy Spirit.

In an effort to bring the COMPLETE FOCUS to Christ, the Holy Spirit and God the Father, I have been led to take 'ME' out of the picture. 'SMorganMinistries' has changed to 'Epignosis Ministries' and we have furthered the transformation by moving THE BLOG. You can click the link to go to the New Blog.

The email has also changed to epignosistchr@hotmail.com. I will send emails to those persons on the smorganministries contact list to notify you all of the changes. Also follow us on twitter at: @EpignosisTCHR.

I have already exported all of the posts and comments from this blog to the new blog. I will not shut down this blog but will only disable comments. I will continue to monitor this blog but all new posts will be on the new blog. I have activated the FOLLOW option over there as well so feel free to follow me or bookmark the page. To my fellow-bloggers who had me on their blogrolls; if you still want to see my posts simply add this link http://epignosisministries.com to your blogroll.

Blessings to you as you continue your journey with Christ and me.

Tuesday, January 24, 2012

HOLY BIBLE 101 - Exposing SATAN (part 6).

WE HAVE ESTABLISHED THAT SATAN IS A DEFEATED FOE. So why aren't people celebrating Christ's victory in a way that honours Christ and why aren't they living their lives like Satan is defeated? Why do they often allow Satan to entice them and gain an advantage when the Holy Bible says do not give him room to do so? Why don't they let their born-again spirits dominate their carnal souls. If you have wondered about this then let us analyse it now.

Who am I? I am born again in my spirit because I believe that Jesus Christ is the only begotten Son of God who died for my sins, rose from the dead, and now sits at God's right hand, talking to Him about me. My spirit was once disconnected from God BUT, because I am born-again through Jesus Christ, it is now reconnected to God who is my Father, and I fellowship with God when I study the Bible, pray, praise, and worship HIM. The mind of my born-again spirit is how I communicate with God because I have the mind of Christ in the mind of my spirit. Let me explain.

There are Christians who are immature because they are babies in Christ. They envy, argue and are very contentious. The Apostle Paul describes them well and says that they can only drink milk; they cannot eat meat. This is true about ALL babies so what did he mean when he used it to describe Christians?

“And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, even as unto babes in Christ. I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able to bear it, neither yet now are ye able. For ye are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men?” 1 Corinthians 3:1-3

Paul was saying that these Christians had not grown in Christ from the time they accepted Christ as Lord and Saviour. They had not moved from the level they were at in their spirit when they first became born-again, so he had to give them the simple truths (milk) of the Word of God. He could not feed them with the deep, profound spiritual truths (meat) of the Word of God because they were still babies. They could not manage it then and cannot manage it now. In fact, they were so carnal, they were acting like they were unsaved; they were acting like they were not born-again even though they were.

Paul uses the word 'carnal' to describe them. It is translated from the Greek word SARKIKOS (Strong's G4559), which comes from the Greek word SARX (Strong's G4561). Sarkikos is an adjective used here to describe someone who is controlled by the animal appetites within their human nature; who is not controlled by the Holy Spirit of God. Sarx is a noun that denotes mere human nature. It is the earthly nature of man that is prone to sin apart from divine influence and is opposed to God. Paul acknowledges that even he had struggles between his born-again spirit and the carnal mind (Sarx). But this was very different from being a baby Christian (Sarkikos). Paul says:

"For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not. For the good that I would I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I do. Now if I do that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me. I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is present with me. For I delight in the law of God after the inward man: But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death? I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin." Romans 7:18-25

Paul was writing to the Roman Christians and he was using himself as an example. Paul said no good thing lives in the flesh (v.18) and even though he wanted to do good, evil was present with him (v.21), warring against the law of his mind and dragging him back into sin (v.23). This very mature and seasoned APOSTLE of God was at war within himself (v.25).

He told us plainly that it was a great struggle. If this happens to mature Christians how much more are babes in Christ completely vulnerable? Paul used the word 'flesh' which is the same Greek word SARX that is mentioned by Jesus as well.

“Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.” Matthew 26:41

The same word is also translated 'flesh', ‘carnally’ and ‘carnal’ in the scripture below:

“For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God.” Romans 8:5-8

Anyone who is under the influence of the flesh is not pleasing God! Christians are urged to be spiritually minded, that is, to be led by the Holy Spirit because this is life and peace. The scripture tells us there is a constant struggle between the Holy Spirit and the flesh because they are opposite.

“For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.” Galatians 5:17

Note the capital 'S' in the word 'Spirit' signifying that this refers to the Holy Spirit. This struggle was Paul's dilemma but he chose to allow his spirit to be led by the Holy Spirit and the Holy Spirit led him to do many mighty works for the Lord.

HERE IS THE CRUX OF THE MATTER: When Satan attacks, he attacks us where we are most vulnerable. THIS IS THAT PLACE!!! He plays the carnal mind against the mind of the born-again spirit. Most people fall victim to Satan's tactics and give in to the carnal mind because as Christ said, “...the flesh is weak.”

NOW that you know Satan's tactics, how will you make him flee from you? Use the strategy in part 4, the one God gave us through James. We can also tackle the problem another way. The scripture says we should renew the mind and we will be transformed. Change that carnal mind by letting the mind of your born-again spirit dominate you.

“...be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God. ” Romans 12:2

This word 'mind' is translated from the Greek word NOUS (Strong's G3563). It refers specifically to the soul in this scripture. Change that carnal mind by letting the mind of your born-again spirit dominate your soul because born-again believers have the mind (NOUS-soul) of Christ in their spirit.

“For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he may instruct him? but we have the mind of Christ.” 1 Corinthians 2:16

This is the same word NOUS, used for your 'mind' that is used for mind of Christ here.

BORN-AGAIN believers are very equipped against Satan but most don't know these things. Because they don't know, they live defeated lives. NOW THAT YOU KNOW, IT IS TIME TO STOP ALLOWING THE DEVIL TO BULLY YOU!


Sunday, January 22, 2012

HOLY BIBLE 101 - Exposing SATAN (part 5).

We often hear preachers say "Christ defeated Satan at the cross!" but do we know what that really means? How did Jesus do it; what exactly did He do to defeat Satan and render him powerless? Let us examine this in detail.

Before we begin, you should know that the only power Satan has over born-again believers is the power God allows and the power YOU give him. Let me repeat that... Satan has NO POWER over you unless God allows it or YOU give it to him. The Holy Bible is clear about this: see GOD allows:- Job 1:6-12 and YOU give:- Ephesians 4:26-27.

So how did Jesus defeat Satan? This is how it began: Jesus told us Himself that He would be in the centre or heart of the earth for three days and three nights. What did He mean and where exactly did He go?

"For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth." Matthew 12:40

The word 'heart' is translated from the Greek word KARDIA (Strong's G2588), which, in this instance, refers to the middle, central or inmost part of the earth. What is at the centre of the earth? Jesus, carrying the weight of the SIN of the world (See 2 Corinthians 5:21 and Hebrews 9:28), literally went to HELL (Click the link for a discussion on hell's location.).

The scripture also tells us that Jesus has the keys of hell and death. John saw Christ in Heaven when John was writing the book of Revelation and Christ told him that He (Christ) lives, had been dead, is alive forevermore and has the keys of hell and death.

"I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death." Revelations 1:18

The word 'keys' in this scripture is translated from the Greek word KLEIS (Strong's G2807). In this scripture it refers to the power to bring the dead from hell back to earth as well as the power (of Jesus the holder of the key) to leave hell. Jesus took them from Satan.

The word 'death' is translated from the Greek word THANATOS (Strong's G2288), which refers to the separation of the soul from the body with the added idea of the soul going to hell. Jesus' power over death means that He has the power to prevent ANYONE from going to hell if they die. This means that Satan once HAD the power to drag people down to hell but Jesus took that power from him. Jesus took the keys then made an open show of his victory over all the devil's forces.

"And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it." Colossians 2:15

The word 'spoiled' is translated from the Greek word APEKDYOMAI (Strong's G554), which, in this scripture, refers specifically to Jesus DISARMING Satan and his agents. The word 'triumphing' is translated from the Greek word THRIAMBEUO (Strong's G2358), which refers to celebrating a triumph or a win as well as to cause someone to do the same. Not only did Jesus disarm them, He did it openly, that is, He made an example out of them, celebrated His victory and caused us to celebrate it as well!

Jesus did something awesome. The scripture says He led captivity captive and gave gifts unto men. In addition the scripture tells us that he descended first then ascended above all heavens to fill all things. What does this mean?

“Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth? He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.)” Ephesians 4:8-10

The words 'captivity captive' are interesting. They are translated from the Greek words AICHMALOTEUO (Strong's G162) and AICHMALOSIA (Strong's G161) respectively. The context is that Jesus captured those who had been taken captive and led them to captivity, that is, Heaven.

IN SUMMARY: When Jesus died on the cross He went to hell carrying the sin of the entire world. While there He disarmed Satan and his army, took the power of death and hell from Satan and rose from the dead. When He rose from the dead He took those who Satan had held captive with Him, celebrated his victory and led them into a good 'captivity' in Heaven. He made the way for us to celebrate that victory as well.

Jesus' actions clearly show us that Satan is a defeated enemy who has lost the most powerful weapon he had over us. So why aren't we celebrating and why aren't we acting like Satan is defeated? Why do we (me included) often allow Satan to entice us and gain an advantage when the Holy Bible tells us to not give him room to do so? Let us explore these questions and more in EXPOSING SATAN (part 6).

REMEMBER: follow the steps in part 4 of this series to overcome Satan's schemes and Satan will have to flee from you.

HOLY BIBLE 101 - Exposing SATAN (part 4).

Now that we know WHO Satan is and are aware of his JOB let us remember that Christ has already won the WAR against him so you don't have to fear him or stress about his work against you! The little battles that Satan wants you to experience are easily overcome if you are obedient to the following scripture:

"Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners; and purify your hearts, ye double minded. Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness. Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift you up." James 4:7-10

Follow these steps when Satan attacks:

1. Submit to God. The word 'submit' is translated from HYPOTASSO, which was a Greek military term meaning "to arrange [troop divisions] in a military fashion under the command of a leader". In non-military use, it was "a voluntary attitude of giving in, cooperating, assuming responsibility, and carrying a burden". We are urged to give in to God, to yield to Him, to line up under His authority much like a solider 'falling-in' in a parade, and to obey Him.

2. Resist Satan. The word 'resist' is translated from ANTHISTEMI, which refers to withstanding, opposing and resisting something. In this case we MUST withstand, oppose and resist Satan. We MUST firmly set or fix our position, take a stand against Satan and establish our stance. The Holy Bible PROMISES us that when we do this, SATAN MUST RUN AWAY from us. The word 'flee' (PHEUGO), is used here to describe what Satan must do. It refers to vanishing and fleeing to find safety. Interesting huh? Satan MUST run away to find safety from us when we follow these steps. LOL :)

3. Draw near to God. The words 'draw near' are translated from EGGIZO, which refers to approaching, drawing near and joining together with something. In this case we are to approach God (come boldly to the throne-Hebrews 4:16), draw near to Him (Hebrews 10:22) and join Him in fellowship (1 John 1:3).

IN ADDITION: We know that James was talking to Hebrew believers (James 1:1). He urged those believers who were practicing sin to cleanse (2 Corinthians 7:1) their hands, an analogy referring to purifying themselves for the performance of their work. The double-minded are urged to purify (1 John 3:3) their hearts, which refers to cleansing themselves morally of wavering, uncertainty, doubting and divided interest. Lastly, believers are urged to be humble before God so that He can exalt them.

Let us continue this exposé in the next post EXPOSING SATAN (part 5).

God Bless You!

HOLY BIBLE 101 - Exposing SATAN (part 3).

Satan was once called Lucifer and was an angel in Heaven. He wanted to sit on God's throne and he wanted to be like God. This was traitorous rebellion and treason against God, which resulted in his expulsion from the family of God. The HOLY BIBLE tells us:

"How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High. Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit." Isaiah 14: 12-15

He was cast down from Heaven to earth where he now lives. He will be brought down to HELL eventually. The phrase 'the sides of the pit' refers to the innermost chamber (the centre) 'inside' hell, which is where he will be chained for a time (Revelation 20:1-3).

He is called Beelzebub, the chief of devils.

"But some of them said, He casteth out devils through Beelzebub the chief of the devils. If Satan also be divided against himself, how shall his kingdom stand? because ye say that I cast out devils through Beelzebub." Luke 11:15,18

This word 'chief' comes from the Greek word ARCHON, pronounced ä'r-khōn. It refers to a ruler, commander, chief or leader.

He is also called Belial.

"And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel?" 2 Corinthians 6:15

Christ has no agreement with Satan and likewise born-again believers have no agreement with infidels. This word infidel not only refers to persons who are unbelievers, it also refers to Christians who are unfaithful, faithless, or who reject true faith in God.

FEAR NOT! You will see why in the continuation of this topic in EXPOSING SATAN (part 4).

God Bless You!

Saturday, January 21, 2012

HOLY BIBLE 101 - Exposing SATAN (part 2).

Satan is NOT a MAN or WOMAN and is NOT flesh and blood. He is a personal spirit-being with several names, many diabolical attributes, limited powers, and personal schemes opposing everything having to do with God. He is called the great dragon, that old serpent and the Devil. He is a deceiver and a habitual and persistent accuser of born-again believers.

"And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night." Revelation 12:9-10

His destiny has already been pre-determined. He will surely go to HELL when Christ returns. He walks back and forth, up and down in the earth, seeking people to drag down to hell with him. He walked about in Job's time and he walks about now.

"And the LORD said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it." Job 1:6-7

"Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:" 1 Peter 5:8

The word translated 'devour' in our English Bible is the Greek word KATAPINO, pronounced kä-tä-pē'-nō. It refers to drinking down, swallowing down, destroying or consuming anything. Now that we know what the scripture says about Satan let us look at some of his many names. Remember that Biblical names have specific meaning and are attributes of the persons to whom they belong.

Let us continue this exposé in the next post EXPOSING SATAN (part 3).

God Bless You!

HOLY BIBLE 101 - Exposing SATAN (part 1).

People have asked these questions regularly for various reasons. Some out of simple curiosity; some because they simply don't know; some because they want to know the enemy in order to avoid him; and, some because they are so sold out for Christ, they refuse to let the enemy steal, kill, or destroy anything of theirs.

In case you're wondering why I'm writing this, let me explain. The enemy has been attacking me spiritually in various ways since I was born. His attacks have increased more and more each time I teach about Christ and the Word of God. I refuse to be bullied by Satan because Christ defeated him at the cross for me, and told me all about it in the HOLY BIBLE. I know who I am in Christ and I know that Satan is a defeated foe who is desperately grabbing at straws so to speak.

I have resolved, under the authority of Psalms 1, 18, 23, 37, 63, 70, 91, 121, 147, 148 and 150, and under the authority of the entire body of promises in the Holy Bible that belong to me as a born-again believer, to expose the works of the enemy Satan. The more he tempts me, fights me and persecutes me, the more I will expose his agenda, tricks and stratagems. With that said, here are some Holy Bible facts about Satan that you may find interesting.

Contrary to popular opinion, Satan is NOT a red or blue man with hooves and horns, a tail and a pitchfork, surrounded by fire, standing in the land of the dead! He is NOT an evil system, an evil principle, an evil idea or an evil metaphysical power! In fact, Jesus taught that Satan is a real being.

"And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven." Luke 10:18.

Jesus literally saw Satan fall from Heaven. The phrase 'as lightning' describes the speed with which he fell. The context in the Greek text is that he was thrust down from Heaven to earth in the same way that lightning moves from the sky to the ground. Imagine that!

FEAR NOT! You will see why in the continuation of this topic in EXPOSING SATAN (part 2).

God Bless You!

Thursday, January 19, 2012

HOLY BIBLE: the Word of God.


To answer these questions we must first consider the following: What does God think about US and what are His intentions for US? God's thoughts and intentions for ALL mankind are contained in the Holy Bible. It says that God is LOVE and that He loves mankind so much that He gave up the life of His only Son, paving the way to bring mankind back into fellowship with Him. So the main question should really be: How did God convey His thoughts and intentions to us and do we have an unconditional guarantee that the method he used is free of man's influence and still relevant to us today?

The Holy Bible says God spoke to holy men through His Holy Spirit and they wrote down His Word while they were under the His Holy Spirit's direct influence. God's very pure essence, 'LOVE', and the fact that MANKIND is the object of that love, guarantees that He preserved His precise will for us. Faith assures us that God did not allow any of the writers to taint His facts with their own limited private theories or philosophies.

"Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost." 2 Peter 1:20-21 KJV

If you're still wondering HOW God preserved his Word, one undeniable proof that should speak volumes is the full-scale all-out war on the Word of God by none other than Satan himself. Ask yourself: Why would Satan declare war on the Holy Bible if it was not a hindrance to his stratagems?

Furthermore, historical discoveries like the Dead Sea scrolls, which authenticate the Old Testament of the Holy Bible, are there for us to see and handle for ourselves, and prove to ALL, ultimately, that the Holy Bible is accurate to the crossing of the 't's' and dotting of the 'i's'.

Another infallible proof is what the Word of God says about itself:

"All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:" 2 Timothy 3:16.

The Greek word here for inspiration is THEOPNEUSTOS (Strong's G2315), pronounced the-o'-pnyü-stos. This word comes from THEOS (Strong's G2316), the Greek word for God and PNEO (Strong's G4154) the Greek word for breathed. The scripture is literally saying that IT is God-breathed or exhaled from God Himself.

One must acknowledge, along with the authenticity of God's 'voice' in the Holy Bible, that Lucifer became Satan and continuously tries to counterfeit God's Kingdom and pervert the very Word from God's mouth by deception and surreptitious attempts at corruption. The Holy Bible has stood the test of time! God's Word is TRUE, has been this way from the beginning and is eternally so.

"Thy word is true from the beginning: and every one of thy righteous judgments endures for ever." Psalm 119:160.

It is faithful as well:

"And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And he said unto me, Write: for these words are true and faithful." Revelation 21:5.

The Word of God carries the force of God's authority, which becomes ours when we are reconnected to God through Jesus Christ. Satan does not want us to realize where our power lies because once we know, we will not live defeated lives.

The Holy Bible is our navigation system and our auto pilot in this obscure world. The Holy Bible is God's legacy to us to guide us to our inheritance. It is POWERFUL and tells us that:

"...the Word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart." Hebrews 4:12 KJV.

In essence, the Word of God is alive and actively influences our souls. It is sharper than a sword that is perfectly sharpened on both sides. The word of God penetrates deep into the most hidden place within us, that is, to the dividing line where our soul and spirit join. It also penetrates the joints and goes deep into the marrow within the joints.

The Word of God is a skilled judge of what we are thinking, considering or meditating on. It judges what we understand in our mind, what we choose when we exercise our will (intentions), and what we feel with our emotions. This living and active Word of God addresses the complete man: Mind, Soul, Spirit and Body!


P.S. My choice of Bibles is the Authorized King James Bible, which celebrated its 400th anniversary in 2011. It is the most accurately translated of all English Bible versions. Most modern editions of the English Bible have been altered by translators, editors and publishers and contain many typographic and grammatical errors. The Original Authorized King James Version of 1611 is accurate to every jot and tittle in the language of the day.

The story of the infamous assassination attempt on King James' life: the GUNPOWDER PLOT. I believe this was an attempt by the enemy Satan to thwart the spread of the Gospel via Protestantism and the English language. Let me know what you think!

Monday, January 2, 2012

HOLY BIBLE 101 - What is LOVE?

Everyone craves LOVE! Some crave their own version of love. Some crave other people's projection of love. Some misinterpret other emotions and mistake them for love. But, what is TRUE LOVE? What is the source of TRUE LOVE? How can a person find TRUE LOVE? To answer these questions we must analyze the word LOVE.

Think about this: the word 'LOVE' is a loosely used term in the English language. I love God, I love my wife, I love my Dad, I love spicy curry, I love writing, I love cooking and I love football. Surely these are not all the same type and degree of love yet we use the same word to describe all.

Do I love spicy curry in the same way that I love football? Do I love Dad in the same way that I love writing or cooking? Do I love my wife in the same way that I love God?

To begin to better understand LOVE let us consult the Greek and C.S. Lewis' book The Four Loves, Harcourt, Brace 1960. :) The Ancient & Modern Greek languages have many different words for love. Here are four (4) that I know of, that describe different aspects of LOVE.

NOTE: There are five (5) words below but we cannot include the first as akin to love for obvious reasons.

1. PATHOS (Strong's G3806)
This may also be called "lust". This is a depraved vile passion that includes inordinate sexual appetites. It is described as 'inordinate affection' in Colossians 3 and Christians are urged to KILL it.

"Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry:" (v.5 KJV)

Many people mistake this for love and are held captive by it's enticing grasp. PATHOS is an affection but it is NOT love.

This may also be called "romance". It is a passionate emotion, with a major focus on sensual connection and a minor focus on sexual desire and longing. This Greek word is not found in the Holy Bible but is described by Lewis. He says:

"A man in this state really hasn't leisure to think of sex. He is too busy thinking of a person. The fact that she is a woman is far less important than the fact that she is herself. He is full of desire, but the desire may not be sexually toned. If you asked him what he wanted, the true reply would often be, "To go on thinking of her."" [pg. 133]

While EROS may not focus on sex it does not exclude sex. Lewis himself admits that "at a later stage the explicitly sexual awakens" in this type of man. EROS is an emotion but is not true love.

This may also be called "affection". According to Lewis, it is the most natural, sensitive, and wide spread type of 'love'. He says:

"The Greeks called this love storge (two syllables and the g is "hard"). I shall here call it simply Affection. My Greek Lexicon defines storge as "affection, especially of parents to offspring"; but also of offspring to parents. And that, I have no doubt, is the original form of the thing as well as the central meaning of the word. The image we must start with is that of a mother nursing a baby..." [pg. 53]

Lewis explains:

"The importance of this image is that it presents us at the very outset with a certain paradox. The Need and Need-love of the young is obvious; so is the Gift-love of the mother. She gives birth, gives suck, gives protection. On the other hand, she must give birth or die. She must give suck or suffer. That way, her Affection too is a Need-love. There is the paradox. It is a Need-love but what it needs is to give. It is a Gift-love
but it needs to be needed." [pg. 54]

Even though STORGE exists without coercion it exhibits a GIFT-NEED / NEED-NEED relationship. For it to become true love NEED must be eliminated and another element added. STORGE is affection but it is not true love in and of itself.

4. PHILOS (Strong's G5384)
This may also be called "friendship". According to Lewis this expression of love, or true friendship, is the same as the love that David and Jonathan shared and is almost non-existent now.

"...the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul." (1 Samuel 18:1 KJV)

"I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant hast thou been unto me: thy love to me was wonderful, passing the love of women." (2 Samuel 1:26 KJV)

Lewis says very few modern people equate this type of friendship with love. Is it that mankind has grown so cold that the ability to love in this way has diminished? Has PATHOS become prevalent and in it's prevalence corrupted PHILOS?

PHILOS is used throughout the New testament. One such example is the conversation Jesus had with Peter in John 21:15-17.

Jesus asked Peter three times if he loved Him. The first two times, in verses 15 and 16 Jesus used the word AGAPAO, which refers to that LOVE which Christ himself has for mankind. Peter used the word PHILEO in his response to Jesus. PHILEO derives from PHILOS and refers simply to friendship. The third time Jesus asked the question, verse 17, Jesus used the word PHILEO and Peter felt sorrowful.

"He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee."

Twice Jesus asked: Peter, do you love me the way that I love you? Peter's answer was: I love you as a friend. Then the third time Jesus asked: Peter, do you love me as a friend? Peter was hurt and sorrowful because it was the truth, he only loved Jesus as a friend and not unconditionally. This may explain why he eventually went on to deny Jesus three times.

How many of us love in this way and need to examine ourselves? PHILOS is a lovely affection but it is not unconditional love.

5. AGAPE (Strong's G26)
This may also be called "charity" or "unconditional love". It is described in the Holy Bible as the greatest virtue.

"Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing." (1 Corinthians 13:1-3 KJV)

The word charity is translated from the Greek word AGAPE, pronounced ä-gä'-pā. It is very different from our modern word charity, which refers merely to kindness.

Biblical CHARITY (true love) denotes affection, good will, love, benevolence and brotherly love. Most importantly, TRUE LOVE: suffers long, is kind, does not envy, is not boastful, and is not prideful (v.4). TRUE LOVE does not behave disgracefully, is not self-seeking, is not provoked easily and does not calculate evil (v.5). TRUE LOVE does not rejoice in acts of injustice or unrighteousness but rejoices in truth (v.6). TRUE LOVE protects from imminent danger, has confidence in truth, hopefully trusts, and endures until rewarded (v.7). TRUE LOVE is never without power or effect (v.8).

We see here that AGAPE is the epitome of LOVE and that GOD is love's ultimate personification since He IS love. Anyone who does not love does not know God.

"He that loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love." (1 John 4:8 KJV)

It stands to reason that once we FIND GOD, we find true love and become vessels of LOVE (God). We can expect that vessels of this true LOVE will automatically demonstrate LOVE and will gravitate towards each other. The search for anything other than AGAPE is futile.

Be LOVE (agape) and be LOVED!